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Large, medium, or small business: Do their cybersecurity needs vary?
Tuesday, January 9, 2024Regardless of an enterprise’s size, a serious approach must be taken with regards to protecting it from cybercriminals. It is important to properly assess threats, identify vulnerabilities and apply security measures tailored to the specific characteristics of each company. We will tell you which corporate information security principles, when not complied with, are the most common cause of serious problems.
Features of small business protection
When protecting a small business from cybercriminals, one can face challenges such as limited resources and a disregard for information security rules.
Unfortunately, due to the availability of pirated software, small companies make widespread use of it. Taking this path leads directly to various problems and risks. Failure to install updates in a timely manner can result in unclosed vulnerabilities that serve as a window for malware to penetrate.
In addition, not all small companies use VPN to protect remote connections and regularly check who has remote access to their corporate systems. An unprotected remote connection and a lack of effective security policies can lead to third parties gaining unauthorised network access, which can result in a number of unwanted events, including the leakage of confidential information.
The majority of information security threats are related to the human factor, including phishing attacks, social engineering techniques, and carelessness with data. The problem of employees being insufficiently trained in the field of information security is relevant for enterprises of any size but especially for small companies.
One of the cornerstones of information security is making backups. The correct and timely application of this procedure can significantly reduce the damage caused by security incidents such as a system crash or the penetration of encryption ransomware. However, many organisations do not pay enough attention to making backups, and small companies often do not think about this at all.
Protecting medium-sized companies
Compared to small companies, medium-sized companies usually have more complex and branched information systems. They can have more offices and employees and operate with a larger amount of data. This means that they have more vulnerabilities: potential threats are essentially the same as those of a small business, but the “surface” for a possible attack is wider.
Apart from the above, those managing a medium-sized enterprise should pay special attention to such issues as network infrastructure and employee use of personal mobile devices and computers.
Incorrectly configuring network equipment can cause services or devices to be insufficiently protected and serve as an entry point for intruders. The use of personal computer equipment is also a potential threat, especially if the devices are not protected by sufficiently strong passwords or corporate systems are accessed from unprotected networks.
Large business: Protecting against highly skilled cybercriminals
Large companies work with huge amounts of data, have great financial capabilities and care about their public image. All this makes them an attractive target for highly skilled hackers.
Attackers are actively looking for gaps in the infrastructure of large companies, such as insufficiently protected servers, incorrectly configured network equipment or outdated software, in order to gain access to valuable data. They can overload corporate servers with a large flow of requests, which leads to temporary system failure, or deliberately attack employees through email, tricking them into disclosing important information or installing malware.
A large enterprise’s approach to cybersecurity should include a whole range of measures in order to guarantee that it is fully and reliably protected from various types of threats, which helps reduce the risks for both the company and its customers. More precisely this means:
- Installing and regularly updating the anti-virus software on all enterprise nodes. The software must be compatible with different operating systems and capable of detecting and eliminating a variety of threats.
- Full protection must be provided against viruses and malware for all the devices used within the enterprise.
- Firewalls and intrusion detection systems (IDS/IPS) that monitor network traffic and block suspicious activity must be implemented.
- Systems must be audited regularly for vulnerabilities to identify potential problems and promptly respond to threats.
The Anti-virus Times recommends
- Regularly update all the programs and operating systems used on your enterprise's computers and servers. The updates contain fixes for vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers.
- Install Dr.Web anti-virus software on all your company computers and servers to protect against unauthorised access and malware. Regularly update your anti-virus to protect against the latest threats.
- Set strong passwords for all accounts and for accessing the systems used in the company. Make sure that your employees understand the importance of strong passwords, which should vary for different systems.
- Implement multi-factor authentication for accessing enterprise systems to make unauthorised access more difficult.
- Restrict access to sensitive data and sensitive resources. Regularly update access rights.
- Back up important information. Store it on separate media that is disconnected from the network to protect it from potential attacks.
- Arrange for your company’s employees to be trained on the basics of information security so that they are aware of possible threats and know how to protect systems from them. Teach them to detect phishing, suspicious emails, social engineering techniques, and other manipulations.
- Install an activity-monitoring system to monitor for strange or suspicious activity on the network and on your enterprise’s computers. This will help detect attacks or attempts to gain access without authorisation.
- Conduct regular security audits to identify vulnerabilities and eliminate them immediately. Use specialised tools to assess your level of corporate security. If necessary, contact Doctor Web: our company can provide you with expert assistance and resources for protecting your business.
- Develop a plan for responding to incidents that will allow you to quickly and effectively deal with security breaches or cyberattacks, and minimise their consequences.
- Develop an information security policy that will regulate procedures company-wide. Make sure that your employees are familiar with this policy and comply with it.